After veto threat, Senate votes to repeal Biden student loan cancellation

Moderate Democrats in the Senate partnered with Republicans in a rebuke of President Joe Biden’s veto threat.

The Senate has passed Republican-led legislation seeking to overturn President Joe Biden’s plan to cancel up to $20,000 of student debt relief for tens of millions of borrowers. The legislation also repeals the freeze on student loan repayment and interest.

Driving the news: The Senate vote was 52-46, with moderate Democrats teaming up with Republicans to pass the legislation. Democratic Sens. Joe Manchin (W.Va.) and Jon Tester (Mont.) and Independent Sen. Krysten Sinema (Ariz.) voted in favor of the measure.


  • The legislation now heads to Biden, who plans to defend his signature student loan forgiveness policy and veto the measure.
  • The legislative rebuke of Biden’s plan to cancel debt relief is largely symbolic. Senate Republicans used a process that allows it to pass legislation to undo recent regulations with a simple majority vote, but neither the House nor Senate passed the measure with the two-thirds majority that would be needed to override Biden’s veto.
  • The standalone legislation passed by the Senate on Thursday won’t become law. But Congress is separately still poised to end the long-running pause on federal student loan payments and interest.
  • The Senate on Thursday began debate on the deal that Biden and House Speaker Kevin McCarthy reached to raise the debt ceiling. That bill, which passed the House on Wednesday night, would terminate the Education Department’s suspension of federal student loan payments and interest on August 30.

What they’re saying:
Manchin blasted Biden’s student loan program as a “reckless” plan that adds too much to the national debt. In a statement explaining his vote, Manchin said it also “forces hard-working taxpayers who already paid off their loans or did not go to college to shoulder the cost.”

  • But many progressives worry that the administration was locking itself into restarting payments even if the Supreme Court rules in the coming weeks that it can’t cancel student debt for tens of millions of borrowers.
  • Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.), for example, said on Wednesday he would not vote to eliminate the student loan pause that “has been a lifeline to millions of working families during the pandemic.”
  • Biden administration officials argued that the compromise agreement keeps Biden’s student loan agenda intact and merely codifies their preexisting plan to restart payments later this year.
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